Comfort Life - Your guide to retirement & care

Dementia Care

A look at other forms of senile dementia, and care available


Find dementia care now

Dementia care offered by seniors' care facilities does not differ significantly from Alzheimer's care offered in memory care facilities, but this may be changing, and some differences are worth noting. Families with elderly members suffering from a lesser-known dementia may be concerned that the disease afflicting their loved one is not as well understood as Alzheimer's Disease. Some other forms of dementia do manifest quite differently, and some progressive-minded care specialists may offer specialized care for different forms of dementia.

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Quick summary:


Here, we look at care for dementia in early stages, and further below, we look at different forms of senile dementia, the distinct aspects of care offered, and where to find that care.

For those in the early stages of any form of dementia, there are a number of resources that will prove indispensable to you. Investigate all of these as early as possible and consider the advantage offered by private health care providers in provinces across the country.

Click here for list and map of dementia care




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Homes with dementia care

The Dunfield Retirement Residence

The Dunfield Retirement Residence

77 Dunfield Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, M4S 2H3
The Dunfield Retirement Residence has established a new standard in senior retirement living in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) with 177 spacious apartments. Where people come to LIVE!
OPAL by Element

OPAL by Element

438 West King Edward Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia, V5Y2J4
438 West King Edward Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia V5Y 2J4 Opal offers a full continuum of support from Independent Living, Assisted living all the way to Complex Care, allowing the opportunity for aging in place.
The Village of Riverside Glen

The Village of Riverside Glen

60 Woodlawn Road East, Guelph, Ontario, N1H 8M8
This elegant Guelph retirement home offers a range of care including assisted living and long term care, serviced by a friendly, caring staff.
The Village of Humber Heights

The Village of Humber Heights

2245 Lawrence Avenue West, Etobicoke, Ontario, M9P 3W3
The Village of Humber Heights in Etobicoke offers different levels of service from independent apartments with meals to assisted living to long-term care.
The Village of Arbour Trails

The Village of Arbour Trails

32 Bayberry Drive, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 0A2
Guelph retirement home offers Assisted Living and Alzheimer's Care, includes 24 hour onsite nursing staff and features its own Town Square.
The Village of Erin Meadows

The Village of Erin Meadows

2930 Erin Centre Boulevard, Mississauga, Ontario, L5M 7M4
Mississauga's unique continuum of care concept featuring Independent Living Suites, Retirement Apartments, Full Service Suites with walk out patios, Assisted Care, Memory Care and Long Term Care.
The Village of Winston Park

The Village of Winston Park

695 Block Line Road, Kitchener, Ontario, N2E 3K1
This elegant retirement residence in Kitchener-Waterloo offers a continuum of care from long-term care to assisted living to independent living seniors apartments.
The Village of Tansley Woods

The Village of Tansley Woods

4100 Upper Middle Road, Burlington, Ontario, L7W 4W8
Elegant Burlington, Ontario retirement home including everything from the current long term care to new independent living suites, offering various seniors services.
The Village of Wentworth Heights

The Village of Wentworth Heights

1620 Upper Wentworth St, Hamilton, Ontario, L9B 2W3
The Village of Wentworth Heights is a full-service retirement living community offering retirement apartments, full-service suites, assisted living and memory care.
Villagia in the Glebe

Villagia in the Glebe

480 Metcalfe Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1S 3N6
Residents can choose their choice of suites with views of the Rideau Canal and Pretoria Bridge. Elegant dining, spacious ballroom, an indoor swimming pool and care services to suite all of your needs. Pet friendly.
Wintergreene Estates

Wintergreene Estates

4950 Pasqua Street, Regina, Saskatchewan, S4S 7L2
At Wintergreene you'll discover a combination of independence, privacy, activities, health and wellness programs & friendly companionship to savour throughout your retirement.
Prince of Peace

Prince of Peace

285030 Luther Rose Blvd NE, Calgary, Alberta, T1X 1M9
Prince of Peace a variety of suites styles with kitchenettes and incredible mountain views. It's the perfect residence for seniors who are active, require some assistance, or have memory care needs.
Holland Gardens

Holland Gardens

552 Holland St W, Bradford, Ontario, L3Z 2H4
Located in the heart of a vibrant community, Holland Gardens is the perfect place to live, laugh and enjoy life. An exciting community offering a luxurious resort lifestyle, an ideal place for inspired senior living.
Delmanor Elgin Mills

Delmanor Elgin Mills

80 Elgin Mills Road East, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4C 0L3
Award Winning Delmanor Elgin Mills, has proudly served the Richmond Hill community over the past 15 years.
Seacliff Manor Retirement Residence

Seacliff Manor Retirement Residence

30 Seacliff Drive, Leamington, Ontario, N8H 0E5
At Seacliff Manor, we provide a vibrant, supportive retirement lifestyle complete with restaurant style dining and social events and activities. Choose from independent living, assisted living, and memory care options.
Credit River

Credit River

175 Rutledge Rd., Mississauga, Ontario, L5M 0X7
Credit River is a 6-storey condo style residence, with an array of well-appointed suite styles to choose from and our highly-skilled health care professionals are available around the clock if you need them.
Ravines Seniors' Suites & Retirement Residence

Ravines Seniors' Suites & Retirement Residence

626 & 636 Prado Private, Ottawa, Ontario, K2E 0B3
New Horizons Tower

New Horizons Tower

1140 Bloor Street West, Toronto, Ontario, M6H 4E6
From gracious dining to new suites and lounges, residents are enjoying the new management and upgrades found at 1140 Bloor Street West, in the Heart of Bloordale Village.
Carp Commons Retirement Village

Carp Commons Retirement Village

458 Donald B. Munro Drive, Carp, Ontario, K0A 1L0
One visit to Carp Commons Retirement Village and you’ll see the difference in terms of amenities, food, services, programs, and the little touches that make it feel like home.
McCowan Retirement Residence

McCowan Retirement Residence

2881 Eglinton Avenue East, Scarborough, Ontario, M1J 0A2
McCowan Retirement Residence is a vibrant and family oriented retirement home located in Scarborough. With team members who have been here since we opened in 2004, you can expect a warm welcome and a feeling of home.
Symphony Senior Living Kanata

Symphony Senior Living Kanata

27 Weaver Crescent, Kanata, Ontario, K2K 2Z8
Enjoy the natural setting of the surrounding Kanata Lakes with access to shopping, parks and churches at Symphony Senior Living Kanata. This pet friendly community offers a variety of service packages and suites to fulfill your unique needs.
Carleton Place Terrace by Symphony

Carleton Place Terrace by Symphony

6 Arthur Street, Carleton Place, Ontario, K7C 4S4
Carleton Place Terrace welcomes pets: offers residents plenty of options with studios and one-bedrooms that may include a kitchenette & / or a walk-out . Activities & chef-prepared meals keep residents healthy & active.
Park Place Seniors' Suites & Retirement Residence

Park Place Seniors' Suites & Retirement Residence

110 & 120 Central Park Dr, Ottawa, Ontario, K2C 4G3
Whether you're looking for independent living, assisted living or memory care, you can access them all in one location at Park Place. We are a vibrant, social community surrounded by parks and close to many amenities.
Southbrook

Southbrook

400 Ray Lawson Blvd., Brampton, Ontario, L6Y 4G4
Southbrook is all about choice - the choice to do what you want, when you want. We celebrate independence but we are here to provide assistance whenever you need it. Southbrook....be a part of the family.
Promenade Seniors' Suites & Retirement Residence

Promenade Seniors' Suites & Retirement Residence

110 Rossignol Drive, Orleans, Ontario, K4A 0N2
With so much to do nearby, it’s easy to forget why you might want to stay home, but with its exceptional dining, impeccable design, and fun activities, you’ll find Promenade has many attractions of its own!
Forest Valley Terrace

Forest Valley Terrace

1510 St. Joseph Boulevard, Orleans, Ontario, K1C 7L1
Forest Valley Terrace is proud to be the only community that is designed & dedicated to accommodate the needs of seniors with all stages of Alzheimer’s, dementia or other forms of memory impairment in Ottawa.
Hawthorn Park Retirement Community

Hawthorn Park Retirement Community

867 KLO Road, Kelowna, British Columbia, V1Y 9G5
Living at Hawthorn Park Retirement Residence means you have choices & can customize the services you need, as you need them. We offer three lifestyle opportunities; supportive living, assisted living & complex care.
Chartwell Georgian Traditions Retirement Residence

Chartwell Georgian Traditions Retirement Residence

57 Trott Blvd., Collingwood, Ontario, L9Y 0A3
Chartwell Eau Claire Care Residence

Chartwell Eau Claire Care Residence

301 7th Street SW, Calgary, Alberta, T2P 1Y6
Chartwell Willow Retirement Community

Chartwell Willow Retirement Community

12275-224th Street, Maple Ridge, British Columbia, V2X 6H5
Chartwell Scarlett Heights Retirement Residence

Chartwell Scarlett Heights Retirement Residence

4005 Eglinton Ave West, Etobicoke, Ontario, M9A 5H3
Chartwell Empress Kanata Retirement Residence

Chartwell Empress Kanata Retirement Residence

170 McGibbon Drive, Kanata, Ontario, K2L 4H5
Chartwell Deerview Crossing Retirement Residence

Chartwell Deerview Crossing Retirement Residence

460 Rymal Road West, Hamilton, Ontario, L9B 0B2
Home care services for dementia sufferers
Bayshore Home Health

Bayshore Home Health

2101 Hadwen Road, Mississauga, Ontario, L4W 1L8
Bayshore Home Health understands that aging at home can be the best option for many seniors. We provide personalized home care services to meet your needs and support you and your family throughout the care process.
Spectrum Health Care

Spectrum Health Care

2 Bloor Street East, Suite 2101, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 1A8
Spectrum Health Care offers a range of quality health care services designed to suit the individual needs of each client. Our services include nursing, personal/home support, foot care, physiotherapy, and companionship.



Respite care for dementia caregivers is a service funded by provincial governments in BC, Albert, Ontario and elsewhere. The length and availability ranges from one province to the next. In BC, these care stays are considered up to 3 months; in Ontario, you can take up to 90 days of respite care per year, but no more than 60 days in a row. This is a wonderful service that allows caregiving families a break from the rigours and stress of daily care for dementia sufferers. You may be required to cover some of the fees, but (for example) in the province of BC this comes to less than $40 per day. Home care providers can also be brought in to help, as part of provincial respite care programs.

Home care services are provincially funded in some cases, but you can also hire private home care to provide excellent, professional care to supplement the care you may be giving your loved one, especially during the early stages of any form of dementia. Home care can provide homemaking services and personal support for everything from hygiene to feeding and incontinence, and catheter and other tube care. Physiotherapy and occupational therapy are just two more care aspects that may be available.

Adult day care programs are an important service available in many communities, with more being offered all the time. These are a growing trend in services for caregivers of seniors with dementia. Programs are usually 2 or 3 hours long, and offered daily or several times weekly. Here, seniors in the early stages of dementia can interact with others, play games, or participate in various other activities.


Vascular dementia
Vascular dementia is generally considered the second most common form of senile dementia, far behind Alzheimer's, but still accounting for about one tenth of all dementia diagnoses. It's also called post-stroke dementia, due to its common association with strokes. When there is a lack of blood flow to the brain (as occurs with strokes), nerve cells die. This results in changes to the functioning of the brain, and to an individual's mental abilities.

Effects can vary widely from one patient to the next: some can survive post-diagnosis for 20 years or longer, while other cases can be terminal within months. In many cases, patients deteriorate in distinct increments, with sudden, noticeable changes in behaviour and symptoms. "Vascular cognitive impairment" is considered a more accurate description by many specialists.

Vascular dementia care
Home care services and retirement homes with memory care facilities should (in all likelihood) readily accept patients with vascular dementia. Care treatments for vascular dementia post–diagnosis will focus on preventing future insults that exacerbate the dementia. For example, blood pressure reduction, better diet, and mental exercises are all very beneficial. Home care services with diet assistance, or adult day care programs with interactive brain games can definitely help.

Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB)
This occurs when there are abnormal deposits of the protein alpha-synuclein in the cerebral cortex and other parts of the brain (aggregate deposits are called Lewy Bodies). This dementia manifests in memory loss and cognition problems, as seen in Alzheimer's sufferers, but with notable differences. The clarity of visual hallucinations can be more pronounced in those with DLB, sleep disorders are more prevalent, and slowness of movement is also more common. This is often confused with Parkinson's because it affects physical movement in a very similar manner, and the alpha-synuclein deposits in the brain are a feature of both dementias.

Lewy Body Dementia care
Since dementia with Lewy Bodies can manifest some aggressive behaviour, some memory care homes and care services may be more cautious about taking in Lewy Body dementia patients. Other facilities, especially, those with a strong understanding of dementia, will readily accept those with this form of dementia. The most common form of dementia, Alzheimer's Disease can also manifest aggression or irritability, etc.

If you are seeking care for someone with Lewy Body dementia, be sure that care is tailored to help with the distinct symptoms of this disorder, notably its more pronounced effects on physical movement and on visual perception. No treatments have been shown to slow progress of this disease, but home care services, adult day care programs can help spell off relief for family caregivers.

Parkinson's Disease (Parkinsonian Dementia)
Parkinson's is a progressive dementia with many similarities to dementia with Lewy Bodies, as well as Alzheimer's. The prevalent symptom is physical shaking and other problems with movement. Dementia is sometimes seen in the disease's advanced stages; those with Parkinson's Disease are anywhere from two to six times more likely to develop dementia than the general population. Other symptoms include cognitive difficulties like problems with judgment as well as memory loss. In advanced stages of Parkinson's there is decreased physical movement, quieter speech and other negative effects. A small percentage of late-stage Parkinson's patients suffer psychotic symptoms.

Care for Parkinsonian Dementia
For the most part, memory care retirement homes and home care services will accept Parkinson's sufferers as much as they will accept Alzheimer's patients. These services will be very helpful to families in the advanced stages of the disease, especially in dealing with Parkinsonian dementia. Respite care may be an option in some provinces, and beleaguered caregivers of those in later stages of the disease should consult with government services and to apply for short stay programs or help from home care.

If your family has committed to care in a facility that accepts Parkinson's sufferers but does not offer adequate care for dementia, your loved one may have to move.

Creutzfeld Jacob disease (CJD)
Creutzfeld Jacob disease is a universally fatal disease, caused by an agent called a prion; Classic Creutzfeld Jacob disease affects mainly older people, as opposed to Variant CJD, found in younger people. Typically, CJD is fatal within a year, for older people. It is extremely rare, affecting one in one million people annually.

Dementia care for Creutzfeld Jacob disease (CJD)
This is a disease that progresses more rapidly than Alzheimer's and other forms of dementia. Care homes and home care services will likely have no problem accepting someone with CJD into their care and offering full care for the duration of the disease. Consult with homes listed here to learn more.

Other types of dementia
Other types of dementia are less common, including Korsakoff Syndrome, Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, Huntington's Disease and a number of others.

Care for other types of dementia
Home care services and retirement residents are not likely to distinguish any of these lesser known dementias from the care they offer to those with Alzheimer's Disease. For the most part, retirement homes with specialized memory care facilities will be well-equipped to deal with any form of dementia. As medical science progresses, diseases are all increasingly better understood and care provided improves.

Take Comfort: retirement home reviews
Read retirement residence reviews before you commit to dementia care or memory care facilities near you.

More about dementia care


Dementia care environments offer many advantages over providing care at home only. Here is a brief look at why families should look closely at using local care facilities on a dedicated basis or even for respite care stays only.

Medication administration and other care by professional staff. Care homes have staff on hand 24/7 where your loved one is watched over, and his or her care needs will be met.

The professionalized care environment alleviates other negative effects of dementia. Loud noises, clutter, or too much activity can increase irritation or the potential for outbursts on the part of dementia sufferers. Memory care environments in retirement homes are specially designed and created to accommodate those with dementia. One of the primary considerations is to maintain a peaceful environment.

Exposure to innovative, helpful therapies. Music therapy, light therapy, brain games, Snoezelen treatments and other therapies are used in many memory care homes. Read more about these therapies.



In most scenarios, long term care is the eventual solution for those suffering from senile dementia. Many of these facilities have long waiting lists, though, and families find it helpful to get temporary care in a private retirement residence, where excellent care and therapies offer peace of mind.

Choosing private care may not be easy, as with so many choices that families face concerning dementia care. Below is a survey of costs for dementia care in a variety of cities across the country, in different residences offering varied care options.

Location
Cost/mo from
Care details included
Vancouver, BC
$4,388
housekeeping and meals
Newmarket, ON
$5,500
housekeeping, meals, bathing (1x/week), transfer, dressing, feeding, incontinence, medication administration
Guelph, ON
$4,085
housekeeping, meals, bathing (1x/week), dressing, transfer, incontinence, medication administration
Toronto, ON
$5,400
housekeeping, meals, bathing (1x/week), transfer, dressing, feeding, incontinence, medication administration

The above is only an overview, taken from homes listed here at Comfort Life. Please consult with individual dementia care homes to find actual costs and care given.

Paying for dementia care

Unfortunately, there is often little direct government support to help offset many fees and costs related to dementia care, until or unless you are caught in an emergency. A typical scenario is that families care for family members at home, then move cautiously into procuring professional dementia care, paying as they go. There are a variety of means at your disposal to pay for dementia care, and many people miss opportunities; we offer an overview of ways others pay for seniors' care. You should also be sure to check out benefits for caregivers.

While the lump-sum monthly cost of private dementia care seems expensive, people forget many minor costs of living at home. When considering the cost of any senior care, take a look at our examination of costs of staying at home vs. moving into seniors' care.

Paying for dementia care is just one more difficult adjustment family must make, but there are many other people who have dealt with this.

When it comes to caring for someone with dementia, families make many difficult decisions. Deciding on professional care, and how to afford it, are some of the most difficult of all these decisions. Every family is working from their own budget, and hiring professional care is done as judiciously as possible by all families. Ultimately, you will not regret getting the best care possible for the one you love. This doesn't have to be the most expensive, though. Understand your budget and keep things as flexible as possible at all stages of care.

Seek as much support and advice from people around you as you need. Research every step of the way, and always be learning. We wish you all the best at every stage of your caregiving journey.

alz.to: What is Dementia?
Alzheimer.ca/ includes links to many resources for families and seniors dealing with all forms of senile dementia, including Alzheimer's Disease. You can find local chapters across the country.
BrainXChange is a Canadian initiative "dedicated to improving quality of life and supports for persons with or at risk of having brain-health needs related to dementia, mental health and neurological conditions related to aging or have experienced brain health changes earlier in life that are now more complex with aging."



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